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The research focused on studying the impact of sourdough with spontaneous flora (SSF) (obtained also from gluten-free flour) and artizanal technologies on the quality indices of cozonac — a traditional pastry product. Physico-chemical and microbiological indices were analyzed, as well as glycemic index (GI) of cozonac samples with different fermentation agents. The experimental results showed that the GI of the cozonac samples have similar values, being between GI = 68 and GI = 71. Respectively, cozonac with SSF samples can be classified in the category of foods with moderate GI, and cozonac with commercial yeast (CY) — in the category of foods with high GI. Digestibility indices for all samples reached values between 72% and 76%. The sensory profiles of baked cozonacs were analyzed descriptively by the panel members, and the results showed that all cozonac samples were characterized by slightly acid taste, with specific and pleasant flavors.

However, it seems that a long fermentation of the dough, even if CY is used as a fermenting agent, leads to the formation of quality indices of the dough and cozonac, very close to the products obtained only with SSF. The use of SSF from sorghum flour would be an alternative in the development of gluten free bakery and pastry products using artisanal technologies.

About the Authors

R. Siminiuc
Technical University of Moldova
Moldova, Republic of

Rodica Siminiuc — doctor, associate professor, Department of Food and Nutrition, Head of doctoral and postdoctoral department

168, Stefan cel Mare Bd., Chisinau, Republic of Moldova. Tel.: +373–69–579–120

D. Țurcanu
Technical University of Moldova
Moldova, Republic of

Dinu Turcanu — Vice-Rector for Informatization, Partnerships, Institutional Image and Communication

168, Stefan cel Mare Bd., Chisinau, Republic of Moldova. Tel.: +373–68–302–020


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