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INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES OF ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES BASED ON FRUIT DISTILLATES

https://doi.org/10.21323/2618-9771-2020-3-2-18-23

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Abstract

One of the promising raw materials types for alcoholic beverages production, which have a peculiar aroma and taste, is the ashberry (red), widespread throughout the Russian Federation. The aim of the research was to develop an innovative technology for alcoholic beverages from the red ashberry based on the study of the raw materials biochemical composition transformation during its processing, maceration, fermentation, distillation, as well as its effect on the volatile components composition of distillate and the processing conditions of the finished alcoholic beverage. Fermented pulp of red ashberry, distillates and alcoholic beverage blends from ashberry were used as objects of the study. To determine the organoleptic and physico-chemical indicators in the work, standardized analysis methods and certified methods were used. The effect of various yeast races and fermentation conditions on the change in biochemical composition of the red ashberry pulp was studied. For this raw material type fermentation, recommended Siha 3 yeast race. The positive effect of the Vitamon Combi fermentation activator on the fermentation efficiency and the formation of qualitative characteristics of the fermented pulp, including its amino acid composition, is shown. It was established that the optimal conditions for fermentation is the anaerobic regimen at a temperature of no higher than 22 ºС. The effect of fractional distillation operating parameters in a direct distillation unit on the volatile components’ composition and concentration in ashberry distillate is studied. It is recommended to obtain a high-quality distillate to carry out the selection of the head fraction in the amount of 2.5% of the distilled pulp volume, and the selection of the tail fraction to start when the strength in distillate reaches 45% vol. It is shown that within 30 days of exposure in the distillate, a certain chemical equilibrium is achieved and its taste and aromatic characteristics are harmonized. The blending conditions of the alcoholic beverage are determined and the technological processing modes are established to ensure its high consumer properties. The conducted studies have allowed to develop innovative technology for a new alcoholic beverage from red ashberry.

About the Authors

E. V. Dubinina
All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of the Brewing, Non-Alcoholic and Wine Industry — Branch of the V. M. Gorbatov Federal Research Center for Food Systems of RAS
Russian Federation

Elena V. Dubinina — candidate of technical sciences, leading researcher, Department of spirits.

119021, Moscow, Rossolimo str.,7.

Tel.: +7-903-577-53-62



D. V. Andrievskaya
All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of the Brewing, Non-Alcoholic and Wine Industry — Branch of the V. M. Gorbatov Federal Research Center for Food Systems of RAS
Russian Federation

Darya V. Andrievskaya — candidate of technical sciences, researcher, Department of spirits.

119021, Moscow, Rossolimo str.,7.

Tel.: +7-906-753-84-28



S. M. Tomgorova
All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of the Brewing, Non-Alcoholic and Wine Industry — Branch of the V. M. Gorbatov Federal Research Center for Food Systems of RAS
Russian Federation

Svetlana M. Tomgorova — candidate of technical sciences, researcher, Department of spirits.

119021, Moscow, Rossolimo str.,7.

Tel.: +7-916-771-58-97



K. V. Nebezhev
All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of the Brewing, Non-Alcoholic and Wine Industry — Branch of the V. M. Gorbatov Federal Research Center for Food Systems of RAS
Russian Federation

Kantemir V. Nebezhev — junior researcher, Department of spirits.

119021, Moscow, Rossolimo str.,7.

Tel.: +7-996-916-91-11



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For citation:


Dubinina E.V., Andrievskaya D.V., Tomgorova S.M., Nebezhev K.V. INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES OF ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES BASED ON FRUIT DISTILLATES. Food systems. 2020;3(2):18-23. https://doi.org/10.21323/2618-9771-2020-3-2-18-23

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